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Study and research papers should be based on reliable information: scientific articles, monographs, dissertations, research studies, scientific or other accounts, reviewed dictionaries, reference books and encyclopaedias, legal acts, institution documentation, statistic information, standards, patents, etc.
Theoretical analysis should not be based on Wikipedia, popular science publications, mass media articles, information portals, fiction and popular literature, students’ papers, non-documented sources.
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The best information resources for study and scientific papers are
The information about the resources and their links is available on the website of the Library.
Write a paper and cite sources correctly
Study and research work should be developed according to methodological guidelines for the writing and formatting: Methodological guidelines for students writing professional bachalor’s theses. For students of Tourism and Hotel Management study programme
Information sources should be used following the provisions of academic ethics and the Law on Copyright as well as citation rules. In order to properly compose an academic paper and avoid plagiarism, it is necessary to work independently and analyse (constructively investigate) the topic or problem of the research.
Information sources are not used for retelling or rewriting information. They are meant to prove, justify, reason, interpret, evaluate, etc., i.e. perform information analysis and synthesis; generalise knowledge. While writing a scientific paper, it is necessary not only to provide information, but also interrelate it; reveal the cause-effect relationships; link the end of the previous chapter with the beginning of the other; use the information obtained in other sections; and draw conclusions from the information analysed and the data received.
It is important to know that all the sources cited, analysed and summarised in the paper should be
The information from various sources can be used in several ways:
Students should use the Author-Date citation method. Citations in text are acknowledged with (Author, Date) or Author (Date). For example: … as previously shown (Smith, 2005) or …. as shown by Smith (2005).
When tables, figures and formulas from other sources are used, it is also necessary to specify the sources at the end of their headings.
Electronic sources are indicated in the text following the same rules.
List of References
The list of references provides publication details of the sources that have been used in the text. List of references should appear at the end of a research paper. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
The references are arranged alphabetically, by the last name of the first author or, if author is not available – by title. If you have cited more than one item by the same author they should be listed chronologically (earliest first), and by letter (2015a 2015b) if more than one item has been published in the same year.
The entries on the list of references contain the data elements necessary to help identify and retrieve cited sources. In general, the references should include:
When citing references it’s important to follow the precise order and format of the referencing system you’re using. Different citation systems and styles are used in scientific citation. The world’s most commonly used are APA, MLA, AMA, Chicago and other citation styles or ISO-690 international standard. The editorial boards of scientific journals, publishing houses or institutions usually indicate which of the rules should be followed. All student papers of Kauno kolegija should conform to APA style for citations and bibliographic entries on the list of references.
References of many sources can be generated automatically:
But you must always check your citations using the resources, for example: Purdue OWL APA Style.
You may not always have all the details listed here (especially with materials like websites), so the rule is to provide as many as you can.
More information: Citations and References in Research Papers 2016